|Appearance of lower lid entropion in a Shar-pei. All four lids may be affected, (there should be a clear eye-line margin visible in a normal unaffected eye)||
Insertion of the vertical
The first bite is taken near the lid margin
|The sutures are tied with the knot away from the eye. The suture can be removed after 10 to 14 days. If they loosen or pull out they should be replaced as necessary|
This procedure should be
carried out by Qualified Vets only
Tie sutures snugly, but not too tight
Use a broad spectrum antibiotic opthalmic ointment, 2 or 3 times daily to keep the cornea's moist and lubricated as tacking reduces blink responses
Sutures should be left in for 10 to 14 days. They will often loosen or pull out, re-tack as necessary
An eye tack is a comparatively
minor procedure that causes
little or no discomfort to the
Puppy and should correct the
Entropion (in-turning) of the lid
In the event that a puppy
Topical Medication may be applied to the conjuctival 'cul de sac'. while steadying the dogs head by placing the left hand under the muzzle, the left thumb rolls down the lower eyelid of the eye, exposing the pink 'cul de sac' , with the right hand held above the eye or resting on the dogs head, medication may be placed in the exposed 'sac'
Be very careful not to allow the tip of the container to touch the eye
The Shar-Pei are born with wrinkled faces. Some pups more than others. The
eyes are closed at birth and open from about 10 to 17 days, and then some
never open, or open a little and shut tight again, what to do, if this is
a show puppy you must have natural untouched eyes, eye tack, but it is not
easy to get. For a breeder it is very frustrating, even more so for the
puppy buyer that has these situations crop up. Eyes can shut at any time
during your dogs life and there are many reasons for it, apart from
hereditary, this includes stress, walks where debris is also outside trees
plants, household chemical, household plants, etc can get into the dog or
What does Entropion mean to your dog & you? The problem is usually evident before a year of age. Discomfort from Entropion will cause increased tearing and squinting. Your dog may be sensitive to light and may rub at its eyes. Chronic irritation by the turned in eyelid may cause corneal ulceration and scarring which is painful and, if not corrected, can impair vision. Dogs who have had surgical correction for a defect such as eye tacking or Entropion may not be exhibited in the show ring.
How is Entropion diagnosed? The inrolling of the eyelid is readily apparent. Generally both eyes are affected. Depending on the degree of corneal irritation and the duration, there will be other signs such as those mentioned above. Your veterinarian will evaluate the degree of Entropion and use flourescein dye to determine if there is any corneal ulceration. Your vet will use a topical ophthalmic anaesthetic to anaesthetize the cornea and conjunctiva will enable eliminatation of the spastic component of the Entropion in order to better evaluate the anatomic component. This is important before surgery is performed.
How is Entropion treated? Entropion is corrected surgically. If possible it is best to delay surgery until the dog is an adult since the involved facial structures are still growing and changing. Although always seek advice from your vet.
As with eye tacking, Entropion may also need more than one operation . It is better to correct the Entropion conservatively and repeat the operation later if necessary, than to overcorrect causing ectropion. In breeds such as the chow chow that have particularly severe Entropion related to heavy facial folds, several surgeries may be required.
Breeding advice and Entropion is one of the eye conditions that is a result of selection by breeders and a demand by the public for such features as excessively prominent eyes and heavy facial folds. A responsible breeding programme will choose animals for breeding with a more normal head conformation, so as to select away from these exaggerated facial features and the problems associated with them. A good breeder will recognise Entropion as an unacceptable problem in their breeding lines, and will advises others ‘Not to breed from affected Shar Pei’. Also it is important to discouraging this and other undesirable traits from breeding lines.
What is Entropion? Entropion is the inward rolling of the eyelid, most commonly the lower lid. This irritates the surface of the eye (the cornea) and may ultimately cause visual impairment, by way of scratching this cornea and causing the same affect as taking sandpaper to a smooth surface.
It is likely that Entropion is influenced by several genes (polygenic
inheritance) that affect the skin and other structures that make up the
eyelids, the way the skin covers the face and head, and the conformation
of the skull.
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